"Maize is considered as the most important grain crop in South Africa as harvest and production levels can have a noticeable impact on economic growth and food security. Since the deregulation of the maize price in 1991, the market has mainly been influenced by market forces such as supply and demand."
Maize is an ancient grain that is believed to have originated in Southern Americas by ancient Mexican civilisations like the Olmec and Maya tribes. From here maize spread throughout Southern America and travelled to the North Americas. It quickly migrated during the Age of Exploration which started in the late 15th century due to its adaptability to various environments and climates where it became a staple food in many countries. Precisely how maize arrived in Africa is still uncertain as accounts vary, but many historians believe that it was introduced by Portuguese travelers and missionaries.