There are many factors that play a part in producing a quality product for the discerning maize meal market in South Africa and the rest of Africa. One such factor is the influence of grain hardness. It is well-known maize meal production results in a substantial amount of by-product which in part can be attributed to the hardness and softness of the maize cultivar. For maize meal producers, both on large and small scale this waste can be costly and inefficient. By understanding the influence of maize hardness and selecting the correct maize cultivar producers can increase their yields and cost effectiveness.